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Meeting the requirements of the humanitarian parole program for Cubans, Haitians, Nicaraguans and Venezuelans (CHNV) will allow you to sponsor a family member or loved one to the U. S.

Humanitarian parole is a program temporarily remain in the U. S, its main purpose being to help individuals in urgent humanitarian scenarios. For example, a natural disaster or a humanitarian crisis. Of course, it does not guarantee permanent immigration status or the Green Card.

At Curbelo Law, we can help you throughout this entire application process, from start to finish. Contact us, as time is key to achieve a favorable decision. 

What Are The Requirements For CHNV Humanitarian Parole Program In 2024?

Both the applicant and the sponsor must meet certain eligibility requirements that we will describe below.

Humanitarian parole for Nicaraguans, Cubans, Venezuelans and Haitians

Applicant Requirements For Humanitarian Parole Program

  • Be a citizen of Cuba, Haiti, Nicaragua or Venezuela.
  • Be outside the United States.
  • Undergo a series of United States national and public security checks.
  • Have a sponsor who has been evaluated by USCIS after completing Form I-134A .
  • Possess a valid and current passport to travel internationally.
  • Have the ability to purchase your own travel ticket.
  • Demonstrate that your case justifies a positive decision for compelling humanitarian reasons or significant public benefit.
  • Meet additional requirements, such as keeping required vaccinations up to date.

Immediate family members of any nationality can also travel with the national of these 4 countries. However, they must be a couple or children under 21 years of age. Minors under 18 must travel with a legal guardian.

the new process for venezuelans

If you are from Venezuela and would like more information about the new process for Venezuelans, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Sponsor Requirements For Humanitarian Parole Program

  • Pass a security and background investigation, whether for public safety, national security, human trafficking or exploitation. 
  • Demonstrate that you have the necessary financial resources to receive, maintain and support the individual during the entire parole period. 
  • Have legal status in the United States, either as:
    • American citizen.
    • Lawful permanent, temporary or conditional resident.
    • Asylee, refugee or have a temporary stay permit (parole).
    • A TPS or deferred action beneficiary, including DACA or deferred enforced departure (DED).

Examples Of Help From The Sponsor To The Beneficiary

  • Receive the beneficiary upon arrival in the U. S. and transport them to their initial home.
  • Help you access education, learn English, secure employment or enroll children in school.
  • Ensure you have medical care during your stay.
  • Offer you safe and adequate housing to meet your initial basic needs.
  • Help you complete the necessary paperwork, whether for a Social Security card or employment authorization.

Income Table For Humanitarian Parole Program 2024

In addition to the requirements shown above, sponsors must meet the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) poverty guidance.

That is, your annual income must be at least 125% of the estimated poverty figure. If you comply, it means that you will be able to financially support the individual without running the risk of being a public charge. 

In the following table you will find the poverty or annual income limits that you will need to exceed to sponsor individuals:

Sponsor’s Household Size100% of HHS poverty guidelines125% of HHS poverty guidelines
Applies only to U. S. military sponsors requesting their spouse or childrenFor other sponsors
2$20,440$25,550
3$25,820$32,275
4$31,200$39,000
5$36,580$45,725
6$41,960$52,450
7$47,340$59,175
8$52,720$65,900
$5,380 for each additional individual$6,725 for each additional individual

This table is only for the 48 contiguous United States. In our U. S. family based immigration page you will find those from Alaska and Hawaii. 

Poverty guidelines change annually, so it may affect your eligibility as a sponsor. The advice of our New Jersey immigration attorneys will be key. If you are military, we may be able to consider applying for Military Parole in Place .

What To Keep In Mind About The Income Table For Humanitarian Parole Program?

  • There are no restrictions on the number of individuals a sponsor can support.
  • The only limitation lies in your financial ability to meet your financial commitments to support everyone you sponsor.
  • If the sponsor fails to provide basic financial support to the sponsored individual, the individual may take legal action against the sponsor. They will do it to recover the benefits received.
  • If the sponsor does not meet the minimum level established in the income table for humanitarian parole, another family member can collaborate in the sponsorship. 

If you are seeking further assistance regarding these issues, we recommend that you contact our immigration professionals at Curbelo Law.

Other Key Information About The Requirements For Humanitarian Parole

  • Sponsors must submit a Form I-134A for each humanitarian parole beneficiary, even if they are minors.
  • Several individuals can join together to sponsor a foreigner.
  • If the Form I-134A is denied, the sponsor may submit a new one.
  • It is possible to submit an application in the name of a company, but it must demonstrate its commitment to supporting foreigners.
  • Entering the U. S. on humanitarian parole does not automatically grant the foreigner an employment authorization. To do this, you must request it from USCIS.
  • When obtaining an employment authorization, it is crucial that the foreign nationals keep USCIS up to date with the address of where they live.
chnv humanitarian program

How Much Should I Earn To Sponsor My Relatives Under The CHNV Humanitarian Parole For Cubans, Haitians, Nicaraguans And Venezuelans?

As we saw in the income table, poverty requirements vary depending on the size of the family group. For example, to sponsor only your spouse, you need to earn at least $25,550 a year or $20,440 if you are military.

Of course, to sponsor 3 or more family members, the required income increases. In fact, after 8 family members, the required income increases for each additional individual. 

Latest Parole News, Family Reunification And 2024 Rates

Currently, this humanitarian program is maintained that allows the entry of up to 30,000 immigrants per month from these 4 countries.

If you wish to file a family petition with USCIS, you should know that the costs of the following forms have increased: 

  • I-130, increased by 26%, remaining at $675 for paper applications and $625 for online ones.
  • I-129F increased from $535 to $675.
  • Form I-485, application to register lawful permanent residence or adjustment of status, increased 18%. 

Steps To Request Humanitarian Parole For Cubans, Haitians, Nicaraguans And Venezuelans

  1. Submit financial sponsorship online. To do this, you must complete Form I-134A. USCIS then conducts necessary investigations to address financial and security issues from exploitation and abuse.
  2. Create an account on MyUSCIS. If USCIS accepts, the individual will receive an email with instructions on how to create an account in MyUSCIS.
  3. Submit the request in the CBP One mobile app. The beneficiary must enter biographical information in CBP One and provide a photo.
  4. Receive Advance Authorization to Travel to The United State The beneficiary can receive advance authorization to travel to the United States. However, it is only for advance travel, but it is not an acceptance of parole or entry into the country.
  5. Obtain parole at a port of entry. When you appear at a port of entry to the U. S, CBP will inspect you and consider whether or not you are eligible for parole. If not, you will be referred to Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
  6. Remain in the country under parole. If humanitarian parole is approved, you will be able to legally remain in the U. S. for 2 years. During this time, you can apply to USCIS for employment authorization using Form I-765.

What Documents Do I Need To Meet The Requirements For Humanitarian Parole Program?

If you wish to become a sponsor, you will need to submit the following documents to USCIS:

  • Form I-130, petition for foreign relative.
  • Birth certificate of the sponsor and family member.
  • Family relationship test. For example, a marriage certificate or birth certificates.
  • Form I-864, Affidavit of Financial Support.
  • Form I-864A, financial sponsorship contract between the sponsor and the sponsored household member.
  • Proof of sufficient financial support (financial statements, tax returns and so on.).
  • Form I-865, Sponsor Change of Address Notice (if required).
  • Form I-864EZ, Affidavit of Support under Section 213A of the Act (if required).

Depending on your particular case, the authorities may request certain extra documentation. Given this, it is crucial to have the assistance of an immigration lawyer. 

If I Have A Tourist Visa, Can I Apply For Parole?

It is possible, but you will need to explain why you deserve to be considered since you have a B-2 tourist visa. Even if you are accepted, there is a possibility that your visa may be canceled in the future.

Can A Family Member Who Has A Tourist Visa And Travels With Me Enter The United States When I Obtain Humanitarian Parole?

Your family members on a tourist visa may not be allowed to enter the U. S. or worse, have their visa cancelled. 

Likewise, they can let them enter the U. S. and place them in deportation proceedings. This is because their interest is not in coming on a trip, but rather in remaining with the individual who obtained parole.

Does USCIS Consider Other Elements To Demonstrate The Sponsor’s Financial Capacity?

USCIS, in addition to the poverty guidelines, analyzes many other factors to evaluate the financial capacity of each sponsor:

  • Assets.
  • Liability.
  • Credit history.
  • Employment situation.
  • Bills.

What Happens If I Don’t Have Enough Income To Support My Sponsorship Request?

If your income does not meet the minimum threshold set, you can make up the difference by submitting the value of your assets. To do this, you must use Form I-864EZ. 

In these scenarios, your income levels are evaluated by combining the personal assets and income of those who have signed the I-864A.

To address these issues of family sponsorship in more detail, in our family section you will find answers to the following questions:

Who Does Not Qualify To Meet The Requirements For Humanitarian Parole?

  • Individuals with dual nationality.
  • Permanent residents of other countries or with refugee status in another country.
  • Those who did not pass the national security or public security background investigation and do not merit a favorable decision.
  • Individuals who have had a deportation order from the United States in the last 5 years prior to the application or who are inadmissible.
  • Those who have irregularly crossed the Mexican or Panamanian border after the announced parole date.
  • Minors under 18 years of age who are not traveling with a parent or legal guardian. If so, the officer in charge will determine if they are unaccompanied immigrant minors.

When Does The Financial Obligation To Sponsor A Family Member End?

Generally, a sponsor’s financial obligations end when the sponsored individual meets any of the following criteria:

  • You have completed the process to get U. S. citizenship.
  • Accumulate 40 quarters of work in the United States (equivalent to 10 years).
  • Permanently leave the U. S.
  • Death.

If the sponsored individual receives assistance from the public sector after obtaining the Green Card, the sponsor cannot provide support.

When Does Humanitarian Parole End For Individuals?

The parole will end when the foreigner:

  • Leaves the United States.
  • Violates any U. S. immigration law.
  • Your period of temporary stay in the country officially ends.

All foreigners whose parole has expired must leave the country of their own free will at the end of their stay. Failure to do so may result in them being placed in deportation proceedings.

How Many People Can A Sponsor Request When Meeting The Income Table For Humanitarian Parole?

Initially, there are no restrictions on the number of individuals who can be sponsored. However, the minimum income required to sponsor a family member varies depending on the number of relatives you wish to sponsor.

What Determines The Income Necessary To Satisfy The Income Table For Humanitarian Parole?

What determines this factor is the number of individuals that sponsor have in their care. This means that family members depend on them financially. 

How Can Our Immigration Attorneys In New Jersey Help You Meet The Requirements Of Humanitarian Parole program?

If you need further assistance regarding meeting the requirements for humanitarian parole, we are here to assist you. Our lawyers Carolina Theresa Curbelo and Sharon Lieberman are at your disposal to guide you throughout the process. 

With years of experience in immigration cases helping Cubans, Venezuelans, Haitians and Nicaraguans, our Latino attorneys will be able to guide you through the financial requirements to sponsor your loved one under this program. 

We are committed to providing you with the legal support you require. From understanding the criteria to preparing the necessary documentation. Contact us today and let us help you achieve your immigration goals.